What we discovered about the difference between Sativa and Indica leaves will leave you amazed at what we found while conducting research to find factual evidence of the difference. Research has revealed that in the 18th century, botanists named Dr. Ethan B. Russo said four different kinds of species of cannabis plants existed. Although we don’t talk about them very much, we explain their true identity. Breeding cannabis has broken down the genetics of the true Sativa and Indica plants. Read further to find out if you’re smoking, vaping, or growing good cannabis genetics or strains. True PHENO-TYPES.
Are they telling us the truth or just blowing smoke up our ally?
Getting to Know Sativa and Indica Leaves and Shapes.
If you grow, you will see the main difference between the two species we discuss: Sativa and Indica plants. And there are two more types of species we will talk about later.
Sativa plants tend to be slender and extended in height, with long fan leaves shooting out the sides, giving their characteristic name for how they make you feel. Energetic and focused with different strains you try. Genetics will vary depending on how you think.
Indica plants tend to be fat and stocky in height. The fan leaflet is stumpy and wide. Indica strains should match the smell of a strong skunky odor pungent on dark tastes.
Even if you do not know anything about cannabis plants, you will start to see patterns in the leaves of certain strains or genetics if you look at them long enough. Some are fat; some are skinny; some are long; some are short and stumpy, many characteristics that make up a cannabis plant. If you like to smoke cannabis or grow it, cultivators can identify the indica’s sweet natural aromas and tastes (flavinoids) and terpene profiles.
What is a botanist?
A person who studies plant biology is a plant scientist who cares to know and understand what plants do for us and the earth. Research and data were collected over time on living plants since the dawn of time. In the mid-level times around the 1540s, they were making botanical gardens to witness a change in plants.
Dr. Ethan B. Russo was dedicated to studying cannabis plants from 2015 to 2017, researching and developing approaches targeting the human endocannabinoid system..
Who is Dr. Ethan B. Russo?
Dr. Russo was the medical director of PHYTECHS and the author of several books, one of which was called the “Handbook of Psychotropic Herbs.” Co-author of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: pharmacology and toxicology, along with five other books that Dr. Russo published, more than fifty articles in neurology, pain management, cannabis, and ethnobotany, herbal medicine.
The chairman Dr. Russo of the International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines was a past also, a president of the International Cannabinoid Research Society.
Russo graduated from the University of Pennsylvania, majoring in psychology. Then to the University of Massitucus for medical school.
Dr. Russo was a clinical neurologist in Missoula, Montana, working with strong chronic pain patients for twenty years. He ends his studies at Johns Hopkins University.
Are they telling us the truth about Sativa and Indica species?
Is what we know about cannabis species wrong, or are they telling us the truth about Sativa or Indica even existing?
Another botanist, Robin van Velzen, claims that on a molecular level, they are indistinct, which means that they are identical in many aspects.
Cannabis labeling is associated with genetics and terpene synthase genes (trichomes).
Robin van Velzen states that different terpene profiles change the psychoactive properties of cannabis. The genetics of each cannabis variety that comes from cultivators and the control of terpene variation are still unexplored.
The correlation between Sativa and Indica mainly depends on terpene profiles. Giving the effects and smell that consumers are looking for in cannabis. These are the sugary, crystally dimands you see on cannabis gleaming back at you.
We will explain how research has led us to understand what we know today about all four species of plants.
What Is Sativa?
When cultivators describe Sativa, they tend to say fan leaves would be slimmer with lax branches, and the stem could be about 12 feet tall, with skinny, tall fat buds. Cultivated in hot and humid climates, it takes longer in the growing cycle to mature and develop. Cannabis can be broken down and woven into cloth.
Sativa plants have many defined characteristics, such as skinny and long in the vegetation stage.
The Effects on Sativa?
Sativa-dominant strains will offer you energy better thinking in the cerebral, making you focused and creative, and with an uplifted feeling. The Health Line describes Sativa as a “mind-high” anxiety reducer. It will take longer to grow than its counterpart, Indica. Sativa has low CBD and high THC levels.
When to Use
During the day, you want to use Sativa-dominant strains, but do we go off of this, or do we look at what kind of terpene it holds or smells like? These are supposed to be uplifting on body and mind. When we think of Sativa, we think of happy and gitty laughter or even being in the mood to clean, conductive energy.
Could this be the terpenes that we are experiencing?
Cultivators have been cloning Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis species and breeding cannabis for generations and centuries, all we know are what scientists have told us. And we must believe because it is true.
When breeding, you cross strains and make new genetics that involves the unique makeup of hybrid strains.
Which explains all the different names that you hear and see everywhere worldwide. From Acapulco Gold to Blueberry, Sour Diesel, and Skunk 1.
Ruderalis is a species of the cannabis plant with low levels of THC, more on the hemp side of CBD, and originated from Central Russia.
New cultivators have been using Ruderalis strains recently to create new hybrids in the cannabis industry. The plant produces tiny buds with a short flower cycle.
Auto flowers do not change with the seasons.
It flowers when it is mature, which can be as little as 21 days. These are called “auto flowers.”
Popular Sativa Strains
To name some more strains that are around but hard to get a hold of Durban Posian, Lambs Bread from Jamacia, Malawi, Panama Red Columbian Gold from South America, Jack Herer, Green Crack, and Super Sour Diesel.
What Is Indica?
Research describes Indica as a dominant species; it produces lots of THCA (tetrahydrocannabinol). Wikipedia describes Indica with Jean Baptiste Lamarck’s description of Indica, which comes from the book Cannabis Indica.
The word “Indica” comes from India, which is on the other side of the hemisphere for us.
Charas, a form of hashish, is traditionally cultivated in the Hindu Kush Mountain range between Pakistan and Afghanistan, is where it originated.
Specimens of the Cannabis plant are taken from India to be researched by taxonomies.
How Do Indica Leaves Look?
Richard Evens Schults describes C. Indica is relatively short, conical, with dense branches. The leaves are close together, merging into tight spaces for fast, dense buds in the flowering stage.
Stocks are short and not tall and can be bushy with lots of foliage to cover the buds, thus calling it a canopy.
Well suited for temperate climates, with cold and harsh winters, Indica strains can survive, competing with the weather and dry heat.
Popular Indica Strains?
The best and oldest strains we know are in the books: the Hindu Kush from the mountain range, the original strain, Granddaddy Purple, and Northern Lights. Tahoe OG Kush and Wedding Cake are getting popular, along with God’s Gift and many other great strains labeled Indica.
If you have not yet checked out what kind of terpene smells are for you, then you need to jump right in NOW.
The Effects On Indica?
The couch-lock is what Indica is specified to be, leaving you painless and anxiety-free. The medical side of cannabis will treat insomnia patients. Euphoric feelings when people use THC can cause the entourage effect making your body feel relaxed and tired.
It gives you more of a body buzz high, compared to its counterpart, Sativa, making you creative and energetic, a head high.
When to Use
They would say to use it at night to get a good night’s sleep, drifting softly into the couch or bed. Depending on strains and terpene profiles, the content of the essential oils in cannabis will have different effects.
You can use Indica cannabis during the day for medical or recreational purposes. Other proficient users of cannabis like to use Indica strains during the day to help alleviate pain.
<<= Terpene Profiles? Watch This =>>
Do you think there is a misconception between Sativa and Indica and hybrids perhaps when we look at cannabis specimens under a microscope?
Defining Sativa and Indica on a broad spectrum will be hard to follow, but it simply means that these two species are alike in every aspect.
Their terpene profiles explain their characteristics, which give them their looks, smells, and tastes. We need to stop looking at labels when you go to your next dispensary.
One Last Thing
All-in-all, we believe that the debate on the difference between Indica and Sativa leaves will remain for centuries to come, and when we purchase flower products, we will not look at the label for the words “Indica or Sativa.”
Looking at trichome production will ensure quality along with the terpene smell.
The difference between sativa and indica leaves-the truth is revealed and it is up to you to decide if you want to believe it.
Mastering your weed smells will boost your chances of getting great cannabis. If you vape, smoke, or grow cannabis, you will know the smells and tastes for most part.
If we missed anything that you wanted to know, please do not hesitate to comment. My Great Vapes AKA (MGV) will get back to you ASAP.
Russo B, Ethan, About Ethan Russo, MD
https://ethanrusso.org/about-ethan-russo-md/#:~:text=Ethan Russo, MD, is a,based in Prague, Czech Republic.
Robin V. Velzen, (October 14, 2021) Cannabis labelling is associated with genetic variation in terpene synthase genes
Health Line, (March 22, 2021) Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains
bhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_indica#:~:text=Cannabis iCannabis indica is an annual, and onverted into cloth.
Leafly staff, (September 20, 2018) Indica vs. sativa vs. hybrid: understanding the differences between weed types
https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/sativa-indica-and-hybrid-differences-between-cannabis-types#:~:text=Common effects associated with indica,the end of the night.
Cannabis now, (November 20, 2017) Species of Cannabis: Ruderalis and Hybrids
https://cannabisnow.com/species-cannabis-ruderalis-hybrids/#:~:text=Over time, growers have combined,a potent and sedating high.
Bedrocan, (October 14, 2021) International research shows: No genetic distinction between ‘Sativa’ and ‘Indica’ cannabis